Mauryan Empire

(322-185 BCE)

339
map showing the spread of Mauryan Empire at its height (250 BC)

map showing the spread of Mauryan Empire at its height (250 BC)

lion capital of Ashoka, Maurya EmpireChandragupta Maurya was the founder of the Mauryan Empire. Chandragupta Maurya ruled from 322-297 BCE.

Maurya Dynasty expanded through the Indo-Gangetic plains of West Bengal, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh.

The famous war of Kalinga (261 BC) took place during the reign of Asoka with Raja Anantha Padmanabhan.

 

Rulers:

  1. Chandragupta Maurya:

  • The founder of Mauryan Empire was Chandragupta Maurya. With the help of Chanakya he overthrew the then ruling Nanda Dynasty.
  • Chandragupta’s another name is Sandrocottus, given by Greek Scholars.
  • Alexander The Great’s General, Seleucus Nikator was defeated by Chandragupta Maurya (304 BC).
  • He adopted Jainism and later went to Sravanabelagola with Bhadrabahu.
  1. Bindusara

  • The Greek writers called him Amitraghat, i.e., Slayer of Foes.
  • During his reign Greek Ambassador Deimachos visited his court.
  • The land between the two seas Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea was said to be controlled by him.
  1. Asokathe figure in the relief from Amaravati, most likely to be Ashoka

  • Asoka was appointed as the Viceroy of Taxila and Ujjain by his father Bindusara
  • Asoka converted as a Buddhist right after the Kalinga War (261 BC) which is mentioned in the 13th Major Rock Edict.
  • Asoka built the Shanti Stupa.
  • His son’s name is Kunala who was blind.
  1. Dasharatha Maurya

  • Dasharatha Maurya ruled from 232 to 224 BC.
  • He succeeded Asoka who was his Gandfather as the Mauryan Ruler.
  1. Samprati Mauryacoin from the Mauryan period

  • Samprati Maurya is the son of Kunala, who was the blind son of Asoka.
  • He succeeded Dasharatha Maurya and ruled from 224 to 215 BC.
  1. Shalishuka Maurya

  • Shalishuka Maurya ruled from 215 to 202 BC.
  • He was the son of Samprati Maurya and succeeded him as the next Muryan ruler.
  1. Devavarman Maurya

  • Devabarman ruled from 202 to 195 BC.
  • He succeeded Shalushuka Maurya
  1. Shatadhanvan Maurya

  • Shatadhanvan Maurya ruled from 195 to 187 B.C.
  • He succeeded Devabarman Maurya.
  1. Brihadratha

  • The last of the Mauryan Empire to have ruled.
  • Brihadratha succeeded Shatadhanvan Maurya and ruled from 187 to 185 B.C.
  • Mauryan Empire was overthrown by Pushyamitra Shunga by killing Brihadratha thus establishing the Shunga Dynasty.

Decline of Mauryan Empire:ring stone from Mauryan period showing a standing Godess

  • Mauryan Empire was overthrown by Pushyamitra Shunga in 185 B.C. by killing Brihadratha thus establishing the Shunga Dynasty.


LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here