Lodi Sultanate (1451-1526 AD)

map showing spread of Lodi Dynasty

Foundation of Lodi Sultanate (1451 AD):-

Bahlul Khan Lodi was the founder of the Lodi Sultanate in 1451 which was also a Pashtun Dynasty. Delhi Sultanate was ruled in its last phase by Lodi Sultanate from 1451 AD – 1526 AD.

tomb of Bahlol Lodi, Lodi Dynasty

Rulers of Lodi Sultanate:-

1)Bahlul Khan Lodi(1451 AD – 1489 AD):-

  • Bahlul Khan Lodi was a energetic and brave leader.
  • He dethrone the last of the Sayyid Rulers to establish the Lodi Sultanate.
  • During his ruling period the greatest invasion was the conquest of Jaunpur.
  • Barbak Shah, his eldest son was appointed as viceroy of Jaunpur.
  • Bahlul Khan Lodi died on 1489 AD in Delhi.

2)Sikander Lodi(1489 AD-1517 AD):-

  • In 1489, Sikander Lodi was sworn in as ruler of Lodi Sultanate after his father Bahlul’s death.
  • He was the second son of Bahlul Lodi.
  • Sikander Lodi’s original name was Nizam Khan and he was one of the most capable rulers of Lodi dynasty.
  • He annexed Bihar, founded Agra and transfer the capital from Delhi to Agra in 1504.

3)Ibrahim Lodi(1517 AD – 1526 AD):-sketch of Ibrahim Lodi of the Lodi Sultanate

  • Ibrahim Lodi was the last ruler of Lodi Sultanate and the youngest son of Sikander Lodi.
  • He was a harsh Ruler due to which most of his subjects dislike him.
  • Babur, the Mughal Emperor defeated Ibrahim Lodi in the first battle of Panipat in 1526 AD which ended the Lodi Sultanate as well as the Delhi Sultanate.

Decline of the Sultanate:-

  • Lodi Sultanate declined due to the harsh nature of Ibrahim Lodi. Daulat Khan Lodi, the governor of Lahore persuade Babur to invade his kingdom as a revenge of insult done to him by Ibrahim Lodi.
  • Babur defeated Ibrahim Lodi in the first battle of Panipat in 1526 AD which marks the end of Lodi Dynasty and also the end of Delhi Sultanate.


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