Foundation of Lodi Sultanate (1451 AD):-
Bahlul Khan Lodi was the founder of the Lodi Sultanate in 1451 which was also a Pashtun Dynasty. Delhi Sultanate was ruled in its last phase by Lodi Sultanate from 1451 AD – 1526 AD.
Rulers of Lodi Sultanate:-
1)Bahlul Khan Lodi(1451 AD – 1489 AD):-
- Bahlul Khan Lodi was a energetic and brave leader.
- He dethrone the last of the Sayyid Rulers to establish the Lodi Sultanate.
- During his ruling period the greatest invasion was the conquest of Jaunpur.
- Barbak Shah, his eldest son was appointed as viceroy of Jaunpur.
- Bahlul Khan Lodi died on 1489 AD in Delhi.
2)Sikander Lodi(1489 AD-1517 AD):-
- In 1489, Sikander Lodi was sworn in as ruler of Lodi Sultanate after his father Bahlul’s death.
- He was the second son of Bahlul Lodi.
- Sikander Lodi’s original name was Nizam Khan and he was one of the most capable rulers of Lodi dynasty.
- He annexed Bihar, founded Agra and transfer the capital from Delhi to Agra in 1504.
3)Ibrahim Lodi(1517 AD – 1526 AD):-
- Ibrahim Lodi was the last ruler of Lodi Sultanate and the youngest son of Sikander Lodi.
- He was a harsh Ruler due to which most of his subjects dislike him.
- Babur, the Mughal Emperor defeated Ibrahim Lodi in the first battle of Panipat in 1526 AD which ended the Lodi Sultanate as well as the Delhi Sultanate.
Decline of the Sultanate:-
- Lodi Sultanate declined due to the harsh nature of Ibrahim Lodi. Daulat Khan Lodi, the governor of Lahore persuade Babur to invade his kingdom as a revenge of insult done to him by Ibrahim Lodi.
- Babur defeated Ibrahim Lodi in the first battle of Panipat in 1526 AD which marks the end of Lodi Dynasty and also the end of Delhi Sultanate.